8 Key Factors to Consider in Industrial Vacuum Trucks

A brand new industrial vacuum truck for sale

Industrial vacuum trucks play a pivotal role in various sectors, from construction and environmental cleanup to oil and gas operations. These specialized vehicles are designed to handle a wide range of tasks, such as removing liquids, sludges, and solids from job sites. When considering the purchase or operation of an industrial vacuum truck, there are several critical factors to take into account to ensure that it meets your specific needs and requirements. 

Not all industrial vacuum trucks are created equal, and each different type of truck is going to have a different type of usefulness and specialty. But how do you know what to look for? Here are a few tips to get you started: 


1. Vacuum System Type

One of the primary considerations when evaluating an industrial vacuum truck is the type of vacuum system it employs. The two main types are positive displacement and centrifugal systems.

Positive Displacement systems use rotary lobe blowers or liquid ring pumps to create a constant vacuum. They are well-suited for handling heavy liquids, sludges, and solids. Positive displacement systems are highly reliable but can be heavier and require more maintenance. If your business model requires you to do some heavy duty work, then a vacuum truck with this kind of system may be what you’re looking for. 

The second main type of system is the centrifugal system. Centrifugal systems rely on a spinning impeller to generate a vacuum. They are better suited for lighter materials and are generally more compact and lightweight. However, they may not be as efficient for heavy-duty industrial applications. For example, this type of vacuum truck may work well for general septic businesses, but will not work as well if you’re hoping to use your vacuum truck for industrial clean-up or assisting in excavation. 


2. Tank Capacity

The tank capacity of an industrial vacuum truck is a crucial factor, as it determines how much material it can hold before requiring disposal. Tank sizes can vary significantly, so it’s essential to choose a capacity that matches the demands of your specific job. Consider factors like the frequency of disposal and the types of materials you’ll be handling. 

You should also consider how many jobs you’re hoping to accomplish in one day. If your aim is to be a high-volume company, then you should anticipate needing a larger tank for those purposes. Too many trips to empty the tank means fewer jobs that you can complete in a day!


3. Material Compatibility

Different industrial vacuum trucks are designed to handle specific materials. Ensure that the truck you choose is compatible with the materials you need to transport or remove. Some trucks are equipped to handle hazardous materials, while others may be designed for non-hazardous waste. If you’re interested in using your business to assist in rescue attempts or other potentially dangerous or hazardous work, then you need to ensure that the vacuum truck you choose will be able to handle the material.


4. Pump Performance

The pump is the heart of industrial vacuum trucks. It’s responsible for creating the vacuum necessary to suction materials up the hose and into the tank. Before you make any purchasing decisions, assess the pump’s performance, including its flow rate and suction power, to ensure it can handle the materials and volumes you need to work with effectively. A vacuum truck isn’t going to do you any good if it isn’t powerful enough to do what you need it to do!

A city worker using an industrial vacuum truck

5. Hose and Tooling

The hoses and tooling used in conjunction with an industrial vacuum truck are vital components. Consider factors like hose length, diameter, and material compatibility. Additionally, evaluate the availability of various tool attachments, such as nozzles, wands, and extensions, to meet the specific demands of your applications. Everyone loves versatility, and with additional hoses and hookups, you’ll be able to make the most out of your vacuum truck for more applications than just septic!


6. Mobility and Chassis

The mobility and chassis of an industrial vacuum truck play a crucial role in its usability. While doing your research, be sure to analyze the vehicle’s maneuverability, turning radius, and off-road capabilities, especially if your work requires navigating challenging terrain. If you’re able to do a test drive, take that opportunity as well in order to make sure that the mobility is exactly what you need. The chassis should also be rugged and durable to withstand the demands of industrial applications, and not something that can easily be damaged or broken.


7. Safety Features

Safety should always be a top priority when operating an industrial vacuum truck. Look for safety features such as emergency shutoff switches, grounding systems to prevent static electricity buildup, and explosion-proof components for handling hazardous materials. You should even check for other basic functions like air conditioning and heating in the cab in order to protect the operators. Proper training and safety protocols are equally important for the crew operating the vehicle, because something small could result in disaster – but that will come once you’ve made your decision! 


8. Maintenance and Serviceability

Regular maintenance is essential to keep an industrial vacuum truck in optimal working condition. Consider factors like ease of access to key components for maintenance and the availability of service and support from the manufacturer or a trusted service provider. Are you able to reach out to the manufacturer with questions, and are replacement parts easily accessible? Make sure that you’re able to make repairs if you need to!


Choosing Flowmark for Your Industrial Vacuum Trucks

Industrial vacuum trucks are versatile utility vehicles that find application in a wide range of industries. When considering the purchase or operation of these vehicles, it’s crucial to carefully evaluate the factors that are most important to you and your needs to ensure that you select the right equipment for your business.  

Here at Flowmark, we’re proud to offer a quality, made in the USA product that can help you in nearly any service you choose to go into. From hazardous waste disposal to general septic business, Flowmark is sure to have what you need. 

If you’re interested in getting more information or want a quote, contact us at Flowmark today!